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Storm Clean-up: Many of our forests, especially in the east and south of Scotland, remain closed. Please plan ahead and check online before visiting.

In 1941, the Secretary of State for the Colonies, Lord Moyne, cabled the Governor of British Honduras for help to manage Scotland’s forests.

The call for help was made because there was a huge demand for timber. However, due to the ongoing war, there was a severe shortage of labour as many men were away fighting the enemy.

A black and white photo of the British Honduran Forestry Unit operating forestry equipment.
British Honduran Forestry Unit © Imperial War Museum

Key supply routes for imported timber were also drastically reduced therefore home timber supplies needed to be harvested.

Pit props were needed for the coal mining industry which in turn fuelled steel production and ammunitions. The rail industry also needed the timber to repair bomb damage to their railway lines and of course to rebuild many buildings.

Around 900 volunteers from British Honduras (now Belize) came forward to help manage Scotland’s forests, with the first 500 arriving later in the year. The following 400 men arrived in 1942.

Two black and white photos of the British Honduran Forestry Unit working in the woodlands during WW2.
British Honduran Forestry Unit © Imperial War Museum

The men were billeted in a number of camps, mainly in East Lothian, the Scottish Borders, Sutherland and in the western Highlands.

Being used to a tropical climate and arriving in a harsh Scottish winter must have been a terrible shock for the Hondurans. For many it was probably the first time they had ever encountered snow.

Added to this, some reports state that the men endured very basic living conditions and the huts and clothing provided by the then Ministry of Supply were not up to scratch. It was clear that it was a hard start for these volunteer foresters.

A black and white photo of members of the British Honduran Forestry Unit organising stacks of timber.
British Honduran Forestry Unit © Imperial War Museum

Despite the conditions and hard work, the men settled in as best they could. They felt welcomed by the local communities and many enjoyed a good social life. Some played in bands, attended dances and were regulars in local pubs or sports days.

The British Honduran Forestry Unit played a significant role in helping in the national war effort at the time.

The Unit was disbanded in 1943 with some returning to Honduras and others deciding to remain in Britain.


All photographs © Imperial War Museum